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Firefighting 101: Firefighters Talk Details About Fire
Flames shoot through the top of a house in the 1400 block of North 18th Street on April 23 after crews cut a ventilation hole in the roof. | ELIZABETH VILLA PHOTO

Firefighting 101: What it Takes to Save Lives, Property

EL CENTRO — “Fire! Fire!” people were yelling and running all directions. 

A young girl with a puppy in one arm and a cell phone in her other was frantically crying and trying to talk to someone. She was telling them everyone got out and that the El Centro Fire Department was already there. 

The temperature at the time was 99 degrees, with no breeze to speak of, and fire crews in heavy and hot turnout gear, were quickly on scene to fight the burning house fire in the 1400 block of N. 18th St.

Dispatched from only a few blocks away, at El Centro’s Fire Station No. 3 on 1910 N. Waterman Ave., firefighters started connecting yellow and orange hoses as soon as an engine was parked in front of the single-family dwelling.

Fighting a fire is a coordinated effort involving many people working quickly under strenuous conditions. Split-second decisions can affect lives and people’s property. On the afternoon of April 23, El Centro fire crews, working with counterparts from other cities, police officers and others, showed what it takes to put out a fire and how it can be such a satisfying profession.

Risk vs. Gain Analysis

Under the direction of El Centro Battalion Chief Trey Faubion, a crew on the exterior of the house, what Faubion described as a “two-out” or “rapid intervention crew” in a follow-up interview a few days after the April 23 call, does an exterior walk around the house as soon as they arrive.

Ensuring power and gas are shut down at the meters, the crew also coordinates with Southern California Gas Co. and Imperial Irrigation District.

When arriving to the scene, “we do a risk versus gain analysis to determine what we are going to gain against what we are risking with the crew we have on scene,” Faubion said.

“We determine whether our fire attack will be an aggressive attack through interior or a defense strategy and attack through the exterior,” he said.

These are decisions that must be made in seconds.

In this incident, Faubion said, “They (firefighters) went through front door and were able to stop the growth on inside and push it back to its area of origin which was exterior and then were able to finish it.” 

A Live Fire Situation

As crews arrive on scene, gray-black smoke billows from the house. Throughout the firefight, various colors of smoke—black, white, smokey white and gray—can be seen. 

Different colors of smoke signify different things, Faubion said. White means the fire is knocked out; gray-black means materials are actively burning and being cooled; and gray means the fire is starting to be choked out, he said.

As the firefighters are inside the house and out back, a couple of firefighters used a ladder to go up on the roof. “The two firefighters are hitting the roof, called sounding, to determine best location for ventilation and determine where to cut. We try to conserve as much of the property as we can,” said Faubion.

Firefighting 101: Firefighters Talk Details About Fire
El Centro firefighters open up part of the roof of a home in the 1400 block of North 18th Street on April 23. | ELIZABETH VILLA PHOTO

At 3:55 p.m., crews cut a square opening in the roof. Immediately, the smoke starts to flow out through the opening in the roof—a successful ventilation. 

But wait—as the firefighters are climbing down the ladder, the fire starts up again about 3:59 p.m.

Immediately, the fire was put out and around 4 p.m., the fire was contained. 

The work was not done yet, as crews continued to water down the house and add a foam spray to ensure the blaze would not restart. That’s when the firefighters knew they could rest. 

“The foam is applied to penetrate all surfaces, wood, paper, cloth, couches, etc. It is denser and penetrates better than water and sticks to the surface,” El Centro fire Battalion Chief Cedric Ceseña. 

Faubion indicated that all members of the family in the home were relocated. 

“An ‘after the fire’ form is completed which has information for tenants or property owners. We notify the American Red Cross. Because of COVID-19, (Red Cross) changed their response—done by phone and electronically.”

Fire is Defeated, Report Completed

The fire was controlled within minutes thanks to the quick response and coordination of the firefighters. 

As one of the firefighters exited the front door with a portable oxygen tank, he knelt on one knee as if thanking his maker for surviving another day. 

Firefighting 101: Firefighters Talk Details About Fire
An El Centro firefighter kneels after leaving a home in the 1400 block of North 18th Street where crews extinguished a fire on April 23. | ELIZABETH VILLA PHOTO

At the conclusion of the fire, Ceseña gave a status report: “Single story, single-family home, no injuries as of yet—families and firefighters are safe. Responded from station No. 3, got here quick. Fire still under investigation, but it appears to have started on the outside.” 

An active scene, Ceseña continued, “There were 18 firefighters … Received mutual aid from Calexico, county of Imperial, city of Imperial, and Holtville (Holtville was on its way, but we cancelled en route). AMR Ambulance responded for medical support.” 

El Centro police were on scene controlling traffic and ensuring security of emergency response groups and bystanders. 

After the fire, crews took no victory laps, there was no cheering, just the satisfaction that the blaze was contained. The firefighters gathered, relaxed and hydrated with their sports drinks and water.  A few gave each other high-fives and fist-bumps for a job well done. “After being in the heart of the fire and successfully putting out the fire, there is an elated feeling that the task was accomplished, that you provided service, you saved someone or saved their property,” Faubion said.

A group of El Centro firefighters catch some shade from the heat and sun after an afternoon fire April 23 in El Centro. | ELIZABETH VILLA PHOTO

This story is featured in the April 30, 2020 e-Edition.

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